Forty-Five Years Undercover: An Ottoman Spy in 17th Century Paris
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During the 17th century, the Franco-Ottoman relations were quite stable. The alliance, established in 1536, continued during the majority of this period. There were no large conflicts. Despite that, intelligence activity during this period was very lively. The example of Mahmut, an Ottoman spy undercover, gives us valuable information on the Ottoman international politics.
“Titus”: One Day He Went Abroad and Never Returned
Mahmut, an Ottoman spy, lived for forty five years in Paris undiscovered. This allowed him to observe all the important events in the west between 1637 and 1682, during this time he gave an impartial account to the Divan at Constantinople, of the most remarkable transactions of Europe and discovered several intrigues and secrets of the Western Courts.
The letters were originally written at the end of the 17th century in Arabic and translated into Italian, French and English…